HOW TO LEARN ENGLISH VOCABULARY BY ETYMOLOGY TECHNIQUE

जितनी बेहतर आपकी vocabulary होगी आपके सफलता पाने के अवसर उतने ही होंगे. आपकी विचारो को व्यक्त करने की योग्यता और समझ की शक्ति मे वृद्धि होगी.

दोस्तो मै आपसे ENGLISH WORDS को याद करने करने की TECHNIQUE SHARE करने जा रहा हू.

जिसके सहारे आपको इंग्लिश WORDS याद करने मे आसानी होगी. ये टैक्नीक है etymology technique.

क्या है etymology technique

शब्दो का अध्यन, उनकी उत्पत्ति और उनका विकास को ETYMOLOGY कहते है

THE STUDY OF WORDS, THEIR ORIGINS AND EVOLUTION KNOWN AS ETYMOLOGY.

जब आपको इस ROOT WORD का मतलब पता होगा (उदा॰ के लिए, लेटिन EGO का मतलब ‘I OR SELF’), तब आप इस ROOT WORD पर बनने वाले सभी word आसानी से समझ और याद कर पाओगे . जैसे

(EGOCENTRIC, EGOMANIAC, EGOIST, EGOTIST, AND ALTER EGO).

Words को याद करने की इस टैक्नीक मे आप

  1. PREFIXES, ROOTS, AND SUFFIXES के बारे मे सीखेंगे.
  2. आप सीखेंगे की कैसे (NOUNS से VERBS, ADJECTIVES से NOUNS और VERBS, NOUNS से ADJECTIVES) DERIVE किए जाते है.

बहुत से अँग्रेजी के words root word से ही बने है. ज़्यादातर root words लेटिन और ग्रीक से निकले है. कई words से  जब आप prefixes और suffixes हटाएँगे, तब आपको root word मिल जाएगा.  जैसे,  scissors word मे,  root word  sciss है , जिसका मतलब cut होता है.

ROOT WORD का अपना मतलब भी हो सकता है (Root Words Can Have Their Own Meaning)

For example, the following root words are provided with their meaning and, in italics, with an example of the root word as part of a word:

  1. Aqua – means water. Aquamarine
  2. Arbor – means tree. Arboreal
  3. Audio – means sound or hearing. Audible
  4. Bell – means war. Bellicism
  5. Dict – means say. Dictation
  6. Geo – means earth. Geography
  7. Graph – means write. Graphics
  8. Hydra – means water. Hydrofoil
  9. Man – means hand. Manual
  10. Min – means small.Minimal
  11. Nov – means new.Novice
  12. Path – means feeling or suffering. Pathetic and Apathy
  13. Sol – means sun. Solar
  14. Therm – means heat. Thermometer
  15. Vac – means empty.Vacuum
  16. Vent – means opening to let air in. Ventilate
  17. Vit – means life. Vitamin

SOURCE:INTERNET 

ROOT WORDS

इन words को देखे

ACRID, ACERBIC, ACRIMONIOUS, EXACERBATE

यह सभी words जिस root word पर बने है वह है acer जिसका मतलब होता है BITTER/HARSH.

 WORD                 MEANING

 ACRID               –  PUNGENT, HARSH OR CORROSIVE IN TONE.

ACERBIC            – HARSH

ACRIMONIOUS  – BITTER

EXACERBATE   -TO MAKE WORSE

 

EGOCENTRIC, EGOMANIAC, EGOIST, EGOTIST, AND ALTER EGO.

यह सभी words जिस root word पर बने है वह है EGO जिसका मतलब होता है I/SELF.

WORDS                            MEANING

EGOCENTRIC                 SELF CENTERED

EGO                                 SELF IMPORTANCE

EGOIST                            A SELF CENTERED PERSON WITH LITTLE REGARD FOR OTHERS

EGOTIST                         SELF CENTERED PERSON

EGOMANIAC                   AN ABNORMALLY EGOTISTICAL PERSON

ALTER EGO                     ONE’S OTHER SELF

 

 

AMELIORATE, MOLLYCODDLE, MELLIFLUOUS, EMOLLIENT, MELODY, MELANCHOLY

यह सभी words जिस root word पर बने है वह है MELLI/MOLLY जिसका मतलब होता है SOFT.

WORD                               MEANING

AMELIORATE                  IMPROVE

MOLLYCODDLE              TREAT (SOMEONE) VERY INDULGENTLY OR PROTECTIVELY

MELLIFLUOUS                 PLEASANT TO HEAR

EMOLLIENT                     A PREPARATION THAT SOFTENS THE SKIN

MELODY                           A LINEAR SUCCESSION OF MUSICAL TONES

MELANCHOLY                  A SOFT SAD MUSIC

 

कुछ ROOT WORDS उनके मतलब, उत्पति और उनसे बनने वाले WORDS के साथ।

 

ROOT WORDS MEANING ORIGIN EXAMPLES & MEANING
AMBI/AMPHI both, on both sides, around LATIN ambidextrous – able to use both hands equally; ambiguous – having more than one meaning; ambivalence – conflicting or opposite feelings toward a person or thing
Acro top, height, tip, beginning GREEK acrobat – a “high walker”; acronym – a word formed from the first (capital) letters of a word; acrophobia – fear of height
Ambul walk, move LATIN amble – to walk in a slow, relaxed way; ambulant – walking or moving around; ambulance – a vehicle that moves a patient
CON WITH,JOINTLY LATIN concur – to agree with someone; contemporary – of the same time period as others; convention – a gathering of people with a common interest
COM together, common LATIN commemorate – to memorize together; composition – an arrangement or putting together of parts; commune – living together while owning things in common
cede,
ceed,
cess
go, yield LATIN exceed – to go beyond the limits; recede – to go back; accessible – easily entered, approached, or obtained;
cent/i hundred, hundredth LATIN centennial– the 100th anniversary; centimeter – 1/100 of a meter; century – 100 years
DICT SPEAK LATIN Contradict – to express the opposite of; prediction – a statement foretelling the future; dictate – to speak out loud for another person to write down.
equ/i equal, equally LATIN Equidistant – an equal distance from two points; equanimity – calm temperament, evenness of temper; equation – a statement of equality.
extra, extro
outside, beyond  
LATIN Extraordinary – beyond ordinary; extraterrestrial – outside the Earth; extrovert – an outgoing person.
fac/t make, do LATIN Artifact – an object made by a person; factory – a place where things are made; male fact – a person who does wrong.
fer bear, bring, carry LATIN confer – to bring an honor to someone; ferry – a boat that carries passengers; transfer – to move to another place.
GEO
earth, soil, global  
GREEK geography – study of the earth’s surface; geology – study of the structure of the earth; geoponics – soil based agriculture.
HEMI half, partial GREEK Hemicycle – a semicircular structure; hemisphere – one half of the earth; hemistich – half a line of poetry.
IDIO peculiar, personal, distinct GREEK idiomatic – Peculiar to a particular language; idiosyncrasy – a physical or mental characteristic typical or a particular person; idiot – someone who is distinctly foolish or stupid.
MACRO large, great GREEK macro evolution – large scale evolution; macro molecule – a large molecule; macro economics – study of the overall forces of economy.
plaud, plod, plaus, plos approve, clap LATIN
applaud– to show approval of especially by clapping the hands; explosion– an act of exposing something as invalid or baseless; plausible– worthy of being applauded
 
SOL Alone LATIN desolate – lonely, dismal, gloomy; solitary – done alone, by yourself; solo – a performance done by one person alone.
STRUCT  build LATIN construct – to build; destruction – the act of destroying something that was built; structure – something built; infrastructure – underlying framework of a system.
TRACT pull, drag LATIN
attract – to pull objects nearer; distract – to drag attention away from something; tractor – a motor vehicle that pulls things.
   
URB City LATIN suburb – residential area on the edge of a city; urban – relating to a city; urbanology – the study of city life.
VER/I truth LATIN Veracious – truthful, honest; veracity – the truth; verify – to make sure that something is true.

SOURCE: INTERNET

ये कुछ प्रमुख ROOT WORDS है. 

इस प्रकार etymology technique से आप कई words को एक systematic way मे याद कर सकते है. ETYMOLOGY TECHNIQUE से याद किए गए words को आप लंबे समय तक अपनी मेमोरी मे रख सकते है.

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